International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Innovation, Vol. 1(1): 1-3, 2010
Essential and Trace Elements of Tacazzea apiculata Oliv. (Periplocaceae)
A. Ahmed, H. Ibrahim, N. Ilyas, K.Y. Musa1 and M. U. Saidu
1Department of Pharmacognosy and Drug Development, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria.
2Samaru College of Agriculture, Division of Agricultural Colleges, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria.
Abstract: Tacazzea apiculata is used in Hausa folkloric medicine to treat hemorrhoids, inflammations and as food. Elemental analysis of the powdered drugwas carried out using energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) machine. The results revealed the presence and concentration of some micronutrients, essential elements including Mn (1110±28.4ppm) in leaves, Cu (28.2±6.47ppm) in twigs, Fe (1310±26.6ppm) and Zn (177±6.69ppm) in root. The non essential elements such as As Pb, Rb, Sr, Zr, were only found to be within Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) recommended threshold in the leaves but higher in twigs and roots plants.
Keywords: Tacazzea apiculata, elemental analysis, micronutrient, EDXRF.