Prevalence Of Fluorosis Among Children And Adults

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International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Innovation, Vol. 4: 25-31, 2011
PREVALENCE OF FLUOROSIS AMONG CHILDREN AND ADULTS

Seema Garg

Amity institute of Applied Sciences, Amity University, Sector-125, Noida, Uttar Pradesh – 201 302, India

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Abstract
A total of 50 domestic water sources (hand pump, jet pump, tube well and open well water) of 5 villages in Agra Sadar Tehsil of Agra District have been investigated for the evidence of fluoride content. Most of the water sources of these villages showed the presence of fluoride in the range of 1 to 18.3 ppm simultaneously. In these villages fluoride is much more than the prescribed limit of B.I.S. and W.H.O. Only 10% (village Patti Pachgain & Barara), 13.33% (village Nagla laljit & Mirhakur) and 46.66% (village Sahara) samples were found to be safe for drinking purposes from the point of view of fluoride concentration. Villagers are suffered from different types of fluorosis, prevalence of dental and skeletal fluorosis in villagers has also been observed. The prevalence of dental and skeletal fluorosis in both sexes was not much variable. However, male subjects showed relatively higher prevalence of dental and skeletal fluorosis.

Keywords: Fluoride, Drinking water, Fluorosis, Agra